Last updated on July 30th, 2023.
What is a Journeyman Electrician?
A journeyman electrician is a trained, skilled, and adaptable tradesman. They have spent years under the direction of another journeyman or master electrician learning about the electrical trade.
A journeyman can install and maintain multiple types of electrical systems found in homes, apartments, and facilities such as high rise condominiums, strip malls, schools, hospitals, wastewater and manufacturing industries.
This includes installing and or replace new lighting and lighting control systems, receptacles, motors and motor controlling equipment, heating equipment, and building automation systems that control the operation of all of a facility’s energy usage.
How To Become A Journeyman Electrician
The first step to becoming a Journeyman electrician is realizing that you’re making a great career choice. The old views of an electrician visiting houses in overalls, cigarettes hanging out of their mouth, and untied shoes are no longer relevant.
Every Journeyman electrician begins his or her career as an electricians’ apprentice. An apprentice is an entry-level position for someone with the desire to become an electrician.
Journeyman Electrician Apprenticeship Programs
The IBEW, IEC, and ABC electrician apprenticeships offer three, four, and five-year programs that focus on building a solid foundation on electrical theory, electrical construction, blueprints, wiring schematics, the National Electrical Code (NEC), electrical safety, and more.
Apprentices receive on-the-job training as well as regular classroom education throughout their apprenticeship.
Towards the end of training apprentices have accumulated enough hours – either 4,000 or 8,000 (depending on program) – required to test for their Journeyman electrician license.
Journeyman electricians typically fall into one of three specialties: Residential, Commercial, and Industrial
Commercial electricians or Inside Wireman work on a construction job site or for a company’s service department.
Working in service means responding to customer’s immediate needs for electrical repairs or installations (which means you may be a lone wolf and you get a service van).
Every day can be different.
On Monday they could be inside installing a lighting control system in a high-rise building and Tuesday it’s on to installing conduit (pipe) in a ditch on the outside of the building to bring in power for a transformer.
They are responsible for but not limited to:
- Compliant with local, city, state, and national electrical codes
- Properly reading blueprints, schematics, and wiring diagrams
- Gathering appropriate material for daily tasks
- Installing conduits using a hand, mechanical, or hydraulic bender
- Install new wire in existing systems or repairing old wiring
- Providing power and controls to motors, HVAC, and other equipment
- Installing fire alarm, security, lighting control, data/telecom, and energy management systems
- Mounting panel boards, transformers, switchgear, transfer switches, and other various types of equipment
- Troubleshooting and repairing all systems (VERY IMPORTANT!)
If you’re a great worker and deliver constant results, you may become a foreman.
Foreman is responsible for delegating tasks to crews, ordering materials, working with other trades, reviewing electrical plans, maintaining a safe working environment, and more!
There’s also a pay increase with this position, typically 5% of Journeyman’s wages.
An industrial electrician is a licensed Journeyman or Master electrician who specializes in the knowledge and skills related to the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment found in industrial environments.
These individuals are employed by maintenance departments of factories, plants, mines, shipyards, oil and gas rigs, as well as platforms, and other industrial environments. They may hold specific certifications on the equipment they maintain.
An industrial electrician may be responsible for but is not limited to:
- Understanding how the facility’s electrical system operates under normal and emergency conditions
- Performing preventative maintenance on variable frequency drives (VFDs), motors, pumps, generators, etc.
- Installing or repairing faulty equipment, wiring, or control devices
- Troubleshoot equipment failures using a variety of meters
- Ability to read blueprints, schematics, and diagrams
What is the Difference Between a Journeyman and Master Electrician?
A master electrician is an experienced and highly skilled electrician. Master electricians’ can supervise, serve as a foreman, and pull electrical work permits. In most states, master electrician’s are permitted to open their own electrical company.
To become a master electrician you must have worked enough hours to take your state’s or municipality’s master electrical exam.
In most states the requirements are a combined total of 12,000 hours – the average is 2,000 per year – and 2 years working as a journeyman
Once you meet the requirements – 12,000 hours – you’ll need to study for the exam. Preparatory courses are available for purchase online or in book stores or check your local library for study material.