electrical technician

What is an Electrical Technician? (Job Description And Salary)

Last updated on July 30th, 2023.

The term electrical technician can refer to more than one position, such as an entry-level electrician or a technician that works in multiple areas not related to electrical construction work.

Electrical technicians usually go to a two-year trade or vocational school that offers an associate’s degree after you graduate like here.

Programs focus on electrical construction, electrical power, and controls, or maintaining a variety of electrical systems. Each program will define the type of industry they work in.

Lets review.

Electrical Technician – Power & Controls

electrical power technicianIt’s common for students who attend a trade school to graduate with an associate’s degree in electrical technology or electrical engineering technology.

If two years is too long for you some programs offer a certificate with a specific skill set that takes one year to complete.

Certificate programs exist in areas like electrical maintenance, power and controls, and electrical technology.

During the two-year program, you can expect to learn about several areas like engineering and design, installation and calibration, maintenance, testing and troubleshooting, computer instrumentation and robotic interfacing, and electrical construction.

Course work can include:

Upon completion, these programs might feature internship opportunities with companies or further specialization options.

You can expect to be offered a good benefits package that may include competitive pay, 401k, pension, medical, dental, and vision.

Electrical Technician Jobs

Companies that hire directly out of these programs are – Schneider ElectricEaton, Chevron Phillips, and Aerotek.

This is a job that pays very well and offers advancement into various career fields.

For example, the Tennessee Valley Authority offers a 2 and a half year Electrical Technician program that trains students for work in fossil or nuclear plants, where they maintain electrical and mechanical equipment.

These technicians perform preventive maintenance, failure analysis, and corrective maintenance on equipment such as solenoids, relays, valves, motors, switches, controls, annunciators and alarms.

They also take apart and repair equipment specific to certain mechanical functions.

Electrical Technician Salary

The electrical technician salary ranges from $40,000 for entry-level to $100,000 for experienced workers. The salary will vary depending on what part of the country and the kind of work you’re doing.

One thing to consider with these higher salaries is located in big expensive cities like New York and San Francisco.

These jobs have great stability and are expected to grow the most in the coming years.

Job Description

Technicians have the knowledge and experience to conduct general maintenance, installation, troubleshooting, and electrical or electronic equipment repair.

General and Preventative Maintenance

General maintenance includes following the manufacturer’s guidelines on testing and maintaining equipment.

Periodic checks make sure the equipment is functioning properly and also to identify any issues that may cause premature failure.


Troubleshooting includes using testing equipment and meters to identify issues with equipment.

Reading and understanding schematics, blueprints, manuals, manufacturers’ specifications, and diagrams are extremely important in diagnosing the root cause of the problem.


Technicians are capable of repairing components that control machinery and automation equipment. Analysis and repair of some mechanical components may be required for some positions.

Keeping records of faults by date, machine, alarm number in a computer database are typical.

Training Programs Geared More Towards Construction

In an Electrical Construction Technology program, you’ll learn residential and commercial wiring systems with the need for hands-on learning about electrical distribution and service applications.

As a graduate, you can qualify for positions such as building maintenance electrician, construction electrician, electrical maintenance technician, industrial maintenance electrician, and in some cases a residential electrician.

Course work can include study in the following areas:

  • Hand and power tools
  • Electrical service installation
  • Electrical components
  • Systems Troubleshooting
  • Blueprint Reading
  • Specialty tools and meters
  • Motors and controllers
  • AC / DC circuits

Electrical Construction graduates sometimes work alone but also need to be able to interact with operators, supervisors, co-workers as a team working towards a common goal.


Electrical technicians are not limited to one specific skill set in the electrical trade. A technician may be working towards the requirements to obtain their electrical license or working as a field service representative for a major manufacturer.

With a salary range of $40,000 – $100,000, your drive and initiative will make a difference in how much you earn. Do your research!

About Thomas Hawkins

I run Electrician Apprentice Headquarters, a one-stop-shop for learning how to become a licensed electrician in the USA. I'm a licensed Master Electrician with over 20 years experience working in the Mining & Construction industries. Why do I do it? Well, because even plumbers need heroes.

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